It is broadly accepted that the name originated
in the village
of Arbeca, in the Spanish province
of Lleida, where the variety has been grown
since the XVIth.
Century. The plantation in Mequinenza
is only a
few kilometers distance from the place of
origin of the variety. The location
of the agroindustrial komplex gathers all
the environmental conditions for an optimum
growth and quality of the raw materials
obtained from “Arbequina”. Other
names given to this variety are “Arbequí”
The trees are low-medium in height and
they start producing very early in life,
the variety is self fertilizing. Leaves
are small, short and medium-broad with dark
green upper side. Resistant to low temperatures
and to drought periods. Fruits are small,
spherical and symmetric; violet green and
turning black when ripe, though colour change
is no a good ripening indicator. Its tips
are round and flesh and kern are in an equilibrated
The oil tastes fruity-sweet, a little bitter
and peppery. Its aroma reminds almonds,
green grass, bananas and tomato.
The name is given by the
village of L’ Arboc del Penedés
in the Spanish province of Tarragona, place
of origin of the variaty. It is also very
close to the “Hacienda”. The
trees are not very vigorous – smaller
than Arbequina’s, in fact –
with open, not very dense tree tops, but
with a large productivity. They are specially
adapted for plantations like Hacienda Iber.
Medium sized, spatula shaped, deep green
leaves. Olives are very similar to “Arbequina’s”.
Fruits are spherical, medium sized and clustered.
Rounded, mucronated tip. They are difficult
to detach from the branches, making them
difficult to harvest.
oil is characterized by a good green fruity
taste, supported by green and almond grassy
and also fennel tastes. Its high
contents in phenolic compounds makes “Arbosana”
oil specially apt to be mixed with “Arbequina’s”
in a “coupage”, which gives
it stability and bitter and peppery aftertastes,
much coveted in the final product.